where do people who do not believe in GOD and who say crime, wickedness, injustice and racism or homophobia is objectively wrong turn for both guidance and a moral standard? Their own opinions? Human systems/ human justice ?Maybe evolutionary theory?… Have wicked/evil people existed that got away with accountability? Where is the justice for the innocent humans that suffered injustice throughout the generations?
Moral values and duties/responsibilities arise from laws which imply a law giver. Put another way, since people agree that objective moral values and duties exist, an authority exist that ensures perfect justice.
The world shows again and again that justice in this life doesn’t always occur
So there must be a final judgment by the original authority/GOD. who set up just laws and issued moral commands/duties. Moreover, that judgment must be perfect with no possibility of any resulting injustice.
Also, to have a perfect judgment, you must have a judge that has all knowledge and knows all the facts of each case. And that judge must be righteous because while a judge can possess all the facts of a case, they could be corrupt.
The judge must have the ultimate power to implement and enforce justice, with nothing being able to oppose him or loyalties/interference from others to intercede .
To have meaningful ethics and true justice, there must be life after death ,because humans die and generations change ,where an omnipresent, ever lining , omnipotent, omniscient, righteous, and holy judge awaits who will bring about final justice for everyone and everything.
Hence GOD must be one and independent from all His creations.
Moral values like these help us to reflect on accountability :
We enjoined the human being to honor his parents. His mother bore him, and the load got heavier and heavier. It takes two years (of intensive care) until weaning. You shall be appreciative of Me-GOD-, and of your parents. To Me-GOD- is the ultimate destiny.
وَوَصَّينَا الإِنسٰنَ بِوٰلِدَيهِ حَمَلَتهُ أُمُّهُ وَهنًا عَلىٰ وَهنٍ وَفِصٰلُهُ فى عامَينِ أَنِ اشكُر لى وَلِوٰلِدَيكَ إِلَىَّ المَصيرُ
If they try to force you to set up any idols beside Me, do not obey them. But continue to treat them amicably in this world. You shall follow only the path of those who have submitted to Me-GOD-. Ultimately, you all return to Me-GOD-, then I will inform you of everything you have done.
وَإِن جٰهَداكَ عَلىٰ أَن تُشرِكَ بى ما لَيسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلمٌ فَلا تُطِعهُما وَصاحِبهُما فِى الدُّنيا مَعروفًا وَاتَّبِع سَبيلَ مَن أَنابَ إِلَىَّ ثُمَّ إِلَىَّ مَرجِعُكُم فَأُنَبِّئُكُم بِما كُنتُم تَعمَلونَ
Here is more morality and wisdom: from Luqmaan’s Advice to his son:
“O my son, know that even something as tiny as a mustard seed, deep inside a rock, be it in the heavens or the earth, God will bring it. God is Sublime, Cognizant.
يٰبُنَىَّ إِنَّها إِن تَكُ مِثقالَ حَبَّةٍ مِن خَردَلٍ فَتَكُن فى صَخرَةٍ أَو فِى السَّمٰوٰتِ أَو فِى الأَرضِ يَأتِ بِهَا اللَّهُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَطيفٌ خَبيرٌ
“O my son, you shall observe the prayer-for help-. You shall advocate righteousness and forbid evil, and remain steadfast in the face of adversity. These are the most honourable traits.
يٰبُنَىَّ أَقِمِ الصَّلوٰةَ وَأمُر بِالمَعروفِ وَانهَ عَنِ المُنكَرِ وَاصبِر عَلىٰ ما أَصابَكَ إِنَّ ذٰلِكَ مِن عَزمِ الأُمورِ
“You shall not treat the people with arrogance, nor shall you roam the earth proudly. God does not like the arrogant show-offs.
وَلا تُصَعِّر خَدَّكَ لِلنّاسِ وَلا تَمشِ فِى الأَرضِ مَرَحًا إِنَّ اللَّهَ لا يُحِبُّ كُلَّ مُختالٍ فَخورٍ
“Walk humbly and lower your voice – the ugliest voice is the donkey’s voice.”
وَاقصِد فى مَشيِكَ وَاغضُض مِن صَوتِكَ إِنَّ أَنكَرَ الأَصوٰتِ لَصَوتُ الحَميرِ
Do you not see that God has committed in your service everything in the heavens and the earth, and has showered you with His blessings – obvious and hidden? Yet, some people argue about God without knowledge, without guidance, and without the enlightening scripture.
أَلَم تَرَوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ سَخَّرَ لَكُم ما فِى السَّمٰوٰتِ وَما فِى الأَرضِ وَأَسبَغَ عَلَيكُم نِعَمَهُ ظٰهِرَةً وَباطِنَةً وَمِنَ النّاسِ مَن يُجٰدِلُ فِى اللَّهِ بِغَيرِ عِلمٍ وَلا هُدًى وَلا كِتٰبٍ مُنيرٍ